Original name of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati was Navran Rai, who was borne in February 1889 the day was Mahashivratri. Navrang Rai from the very beginning was inert towards the worldly affairs. He was very hard in nature, and rigid towards his decisions. He became more grave during his child like Mahatma Budha.
Navrang Rai had a hidden ability to resist against the dogmetic attitudes of the then contractors of the religion including the Hindu Pandit and the Christian Monk. He raised voice against both of them. After death of his wife, Navrang Rai left his village in 1906 by breaking all the relations and affections from his rest family members. Navrang Rai confessed before the great Sanyasi Swami Achutanand jee Maharaj, and got his new name 'Sahajanand'. Sahajanand visited several Gurus and Sanyasi but was not convinced by their ideology.
Sahajanand was much impressed by the ideology of his Guru that was a true saint should not consider thousands of bad habits of other but should take lesson from his any one best habit, Similarly a saint should consider his best habits but if he has one bad habit he should remember it time and again. From his Guru Achutanand Saraswati, he got his title Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.
Swami jee could realize the pathetic conditions of the society during the British rule. Swami jee was influenced by the thought of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Lok Manya Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi. Swami jee took U turn from the vedik and Sanskrit studies and joined politics in 1920. Swami jee joined Nagpur Congress in 1921 where he could see the excited face of Mahatma Gandhi, When delivered lecture against the British and asked common people for independence. Swami jee became active follower of Gandhi jee for which he was arrested and send jail for one year. In jail he studied Gita and could understand the mystery behind it.
Swami jee found that the Kisans were mercilessly tourchered by the zamindars and their hench man. He organized Kisan Sabha to fight against the zamindars. Swami jee got support from Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel for the Kisan Sabha. Patel was also against the zamindars. Swami jee was again arrested and jailed. In the Hazaribagh Central Jail he found that followers of Gandhi jee were always fighting for better food and other facilities inside the jail.
Swami jee also found that the congress party was dominated by the zamindars and therefore, there was no question that the problems of the farmers shall be solved by them. Akhil Bhatiya Kissan Sangathan was also supported by Subhash Chandra Bose. Swami jee raised voice that power and administration should be in the hand of the farmers and the Kisan. Swami jee was again jailed. In the jail from April 1940 to March 1942 . During this Swami jee wrote 'Mera Jivan Sangharsh', 'Kisan Kaise Ladte hain', 'Khet Majdur', 'Jharkhand ke Kisan', 'Gita Hriday', etc. Swami jee had only one mission in his life i.e., to fight for the betterment of the kisan of that time. Swami jee took his last breath in 1950 at Muzaffarpur.